via World Bible School
.1 “On the first day of the week, very early in the morning, the women took the spices they had prepared and went to the tomb.The women took the spices they had prepared and went to the tomb.
They found the stone rolled away from the tomb, but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. While they were wondering about this, suddenly two men in clothes that gleamed like lightning stood beside them. In their fright the women bowed down with their faces to the ground, but the men said to them, ‘Why do you look for the living among the dead? He is not here; He has risen!'” (Luke 24:1-6).
These women were followers of Jesus. They took spices to the tomb in order to give Jesus’ body a better burial.
The two who appeared as shining men were angels (John 20:12). They were heaven’s messengers to tell the news that would forever change the world: Jesus is the Living One. He broke the power of death. As Peter later declared, “God raised Him from the dead, freeing Him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on Him” (Acts 2:24).
7.2 – Promised and Fulfilled
7.3 – Unwilling to Believe
7.4 – Many Convincing Proofs
7.5 – My Lord
7.6 – My God
7.7 – Knowing Jesus
7.2 PROMISED AND FULFILLED
The two angels then reminded the women of Jesus’ own words. While He was still with them Jesus had said,
“The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, be crucified and on the third day be raised again” (Luke 24:7).
Jesus often foretold His suffering and His resurrection on the third day (Matthew 12:40; 16:21; Luke 9:22). This was so well-known that His enemies worried. They made Pilate’s soldiers guard the tomb (Matthew 27:62-66). But these soldiers were useless to stop God’s power (Matthew 28:1-4).
One of the women who saw the empty tomb was Mary Magdalene. She hurried back to the other disciples. When Peter and John heard her news they ran to the tomb. They saw that the body itself was gone, though the burial clothes were still there (John 20:2-9).
Through her grief and tears, she did not recognize Him.After Peter and John left, Mary Magdalene arrived back at the tomb. While she was weeping there she saw a Man. Through her grief and tears, she did not recognize Him. Thinking He was the gardener, she asked where the body of Jesus had been taken. The Man said one word to her – “Mary.” She knew that voice. That voice had freed her from demons (Luke 8:2). That voice had taught her about God. She turned towards Jesus and cried out, “Rabboni!” which means “Teacher!” (John 20:11-16).
7.3 UNWILLING TO BELIEVE
Jesus sent Mary to tell the other disciples, for they were still “mourning and weeping” over His death (Mark 16: 10). “When they heard that Jesus was alive and that Mary Magdalene had seen Him, they did not believe it” (Mark 16:11). Soon all the women came telling them that they had seen the angels and Jesus Himself (Matthew 28:9). “But they did not believe the women, because their words seemed to them like nonsense” (Luke 24:11).
Simon Peter also struggled with doubt. While Jesus was on trial, Peter had three times denied knowing Jesus. Yet, when Jesus began to show Himself to the apostles, He chose to meet Peter first (Luke 24:34; 1 Corinthians 15:5). Jesus then visited two sorrowing disciples near Emmaus (Mark 16: 12-13; Luke 24:13-35). These two hurried seven miles back to Jerusalem and told the others. Again the others refused to accept such amazing news. But their unbelief could not last long…
“While they were still talking about this, Jesus Himself stood among them and said to them, ‘Peace be with you.’ They were startled and frightened, thinking they saw a ghost. He said to them, ‘Why are you troubled, and why do doubts rise in your minds? Look at My hands and My feet. It is I Myself! Touch Me and see; a ghost does not have flesh and bones, as you see I have.’ When He had said this, He showed them His hands and feet. hey gave Him a piece of broiled fish, and He took it and ate it in their presence.And while they still did not believe it because of joy and amazement, He asked them, ‘Do you have anything here to eat?’ They gave Him a piece of broiled fish, and He took it and ate it in their presence” (Luke 24:36-43).
At this meeting the apostle Thomas was not present.
“So the other disciples told Thomas, ‘We have seen the Lord!’ But he said to them, ‘Unless I see the nail marks in His hands and put my finger where the nails were, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe it'” (John 20:25).
7.4 MANY CONVINCING PROOFS
“A week later His disciples were in the house again, and Thomas was with them. Though the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, ‘Peace be with you!’ Then He said to Thomas, ‘Put your finger here; see My hands. Reach out your hand and put it into My side. Stop doubting and believe.’ Thomas said to Him, ‘My Lord and my God!’ Then Jesus told him, ‘Because you have seen Me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed'” (John 20:26-29).
A few, like Lazarus, had been miraculously brought back from death. Yet they had not raised themselves; and their return to earthly life was only for a while. They would later die like ordinary men. Jesus did what no man had done before (and what no man has done since). By the power of God He lifted Himself from death. He rose, never to die again (John 2:19; Romans 6:9).
Disciples like Thomas doubted that such power was possible in a man. Their doubts and questions only added more strength to the evidence. For these men demanded real proof. Many of them had seen Jesus’ horrible death with their own eyes. They knew, beyond any doubt, that He was dead (John 19:33-35; Mark 15:44-45). Sorrow had taken away their hope (Luke 24:17-21). Only by the clearest proofs did Jesus satisfy them that His dead body had truly returned to life. He even showed Himself to over 500 people at one time (1 Corinthians 15:6). In Galilee Jesus showed Himself often to the apostles.
After His suffering, He showed Himself to these men and gave many convincing proofs that He was alive. He appeared to them over a period of forty days and spoke about the kingdom of God (Acts 1:3). He said to them, “You will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be My witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth” (Acts 1:8).
The disciples’ complete change of heart, and their courage as witnesses, show how fully they were convinced. Jesus gave them full and firm evidence, so that all could believe through their reports. At the end of the forty days, Jesus went back to be with God. This was done in a way that removed any doubt about where He was going.
“Jesus was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid Him from their sight. They were looking intently up into the sky as He was going, when suddenly two men dressed in white stood beside them. ‘Men of Galilee,’ they said, ‘why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen Him go into heaven'” (Acts 1:9-11).
No one knows when Jesus will return (Matthew 24:36). When He comes back, He will raise all the dead and judge all people (John 5:22,26-29). He will take His own people to live with God (John 14:1-3; Hebrews 9:28). His resurrection is the assurance that these promises are true (Acts 17:31; 1 Corinthians 15:20-26).
7.5 MY LORD
Thomas, when he saw the risen Christ, became sure that Jesus was his Lord – his Owner and Ruler. Just ten days after Jesus was taken up to heaven, Peter spoke to Jews gathered in Jerusalem for their Feast of Pentecost. He showed them the proof of Jesus’ resurrection, and then he said,
“Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ” (Acts 2:36).
According to the prophets the Christ had to rule on David’s throne at God’s right hand.The promises made by God through the Old Testament prophets had come true. According to the prophets the Christ had to rule on David’s throne at God’s right hand (Psalm 89; 110; 132; Luke 1:31-33). Peter showed that these prophecies were fulfilled by Jesus rising to reign at God’s side in heaven (Acts 2:30-33).
“God raised Christ from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly realms, far above all rule and authority, power and dominion, and every title that can be given, not only in the present age but also in the one to come. And God placed all things under His feet and appointed Him to be head over everything for the church” (Ephesians 1:20-22).
ERV: “God used (great strength) to raise Christ from death. God put Christ at His right side in the heavenly places. God made Christ more important than all rulers, authorities, powers, and kings. Christ is more important than anything that has power in this world or in the next world. God put everything under Christ’s power. And God gave Him to be the head over everything for the church.”
This was just what the prophet Daniel had foreseen. One as a “Son of Man” went to God “with the clouds of heaven.” There He was formally given kingly authority over all people, a kingdom that would never be destroyed (Daniel 7:13-14). Jesus Himself said,
“All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to Me” (Matthew 28:18).
“I overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne” (Revelation 3:21).
God’s throne is the highest throne. It is the throne from which Jesus now rules as Lord and King over all.
7.6 MY GOD
Thomas, when he first saw the risen Christ, had called Him, “My Lord and my God!” In that moment Thomas realized that Jesus, though Man, was far more than any man or angel. Yet who is higher than the highest man or angel? God alone. There is only one God. Jesus, therefore, had to be that same God in human form. The apostle John agreed with this. Guided by the Spirit (John 16:13), he wrote,
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through Him all things were made; without Him nothing was made that has been made” (John 1:1-3).
“The Word became flesh and made His dwelling among us…” (John 1:14).
Jesus had often shown that He was one with God the Father (John 8:58; 10:30, 38; 12:45; 14:7-9). He received “worship,” which belongs to God alone (Matthew 2:11; 4:10; 14:33; 28:9,17). He taught that all should “honor the Son just as they honor the Father” (John 5:23). Jews tried to kill Jesus because of His “claim to be God” (John 10:33), and for “making Himself equal with God” (John 5:18). They should not have been so surprised at Jesus’ claims. Scripture had foretold that God Himself would come. The last prophet of the Old Testament had faithfully recorded Yahweh’s promise, “I will send My messenger, who will prepare the way before Me” (Malachi 3:1). Isaiah had foreseen “God” being “born” to rule.
“For to us a Child is born, to us a Son is given, and the government will be on His shoulders. And He will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace… He will reign on David’s throne…from that time on and forever” (Isaiah 9:6-7).
This is the same Isaiah who assured us that there is only one God.
“Before Me no god was formed, nor will there be one after Me. I, even I, am the LORD, and apart from Me there is no savior” (Isaiah 43:10-11).
“This is what the LORD says…’I am the first and I am the last; apart from Me there is no God'” (Isaiah 44:6).
This is the same Isaiah who foretold that Immanuel would be born of a virgin.This is the same Isaiah (7:14) who foretold that “Immanuel” (meaning “God with us”) would be born of a virgin. According to the New Testament this prophecy was fulfilled through Mary, the mother of Jesus (Matthew 1:22-23). Before Mary was married God’s angel said to her,
“You will be with child and give birth to a Son, and you are to give Him the name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David… His kingdom will never end” (Luke 1:31-33).
Mary wondered how she could have a child. She had never had sexual relations with a man. The angel explained,
“The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the Holy One to be born will be called the Son of God” (Luke 1:35).
Jesus’ mother was a virgin. Therefore His fleshly life did not start through a sexual act of any kind. Jesus began His human life in Mary’s body only by a miracle of God’s pure power. Jesus’ divine life – His life as God – did not begin in Mary’s body. God is eternal, and has no beginning and no end (Hebrews 1:8). To the Almighty nothing is impossible (Luke 1:37); therefore God could certainly send a part of Himself, God the Son, to become flesh through Mary.
We may wonder how God can be One, and yet show Himself as two persons, “Father” and “Son.” This is not a new mystery. From the beginning of the Old Testament God showed Himself as two: LORD (Yahweh) and Holy Spirit (Genesis 1-3). God revealed that He would be born as Son.In that same Old Testament, God revealed that He would be born as “Son” (Isaiah 9:6-7). In all of this God assured us that He is One. God surely knows how best to reveal Himself to us. Therefore we accept Scripture’s teaching that God is One, and yet is Father, Holy Spirit and Son. What do we mean when we confess that Jesus is “the Son of God”? We are saying that He is fully human (as to His birth on earth), and fully divine (as to His oneness with God.)
God wanted people to know and honor Him fully. Yet their weak hearts failed to understand the far greater heart of God. How could God picture Himself to His people? Earthly images were so far beneath His glory that they were useless and forbidden. God told the truth when He said, “I am the LORD; that is My name! I will not give My glory to another” (Isaiah 42:8).
The only One who could mirror or represent God properly was God Himself.The only One who could mirror or represent God properly was God Himself (for none else could begin to compare with God)! Therefore God took on the form of a Man (Philippians 2). Watching Christ, we can see how God really thinks, feels, and works. We can escape false ideas and false gods. We can worship and love the true God, knowing Him for who He truly is.
“The Word was God… The Word became flesh and made His dwelling among us. We have seen His glory, the glory of the One and Only… No one has ever seen God, but God the One and Only, who is at the Father’s side, has made Him known” (John 1:1,14,18).
“Jesus answered… ‘Anyone who has seen Me has seen the Father'” (John 14:9).
“He is the image of the invisible God” (Colossians 1:15).
“The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of His being” (Hebrew 1:3).
ERV for Hebrews 1:3: “The Son shows the glory of God. He is the perfect copy of God’s nature.”
Jesus, being divine, fully reveals what God is like. Being human, Jesus also reveals to us what man ought to be like. The world’s best people have faults, and so can never be complete examples for us. But in Jesus we see the perfect example. He shows us how godly people should think and live.
“Christ suffered for you, leaving you an example, that you should follow in His steps” (1 Peter 2:21).
7.7 KNOWING JESUS
No one comes to the Father except through Me.Since Jesus is the way God speaks to us (Hebrews 1:2), we cannot know God unless we know Jesus.
Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me” (John 14:6).
“And this is the testimony: God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. He who has the Son has life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have life” (1 John 5:11-12).
Jesus stated this same truth as He prayed to the Father,
“Now this is eternal life: that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom You have sent” (John 17:3).
The apostle Paul (another witness of the risen Christ) said that “knowing Christ” sums up all of life’s purpose.
“I consider everything a loss compared to the surpassing greatness of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whose sake I have lost all things” (Philippians 3:8).
Because Jesus has been raised, we know that we too will be raised from death (Philippians 3:11,21). Yet we do not have to wait until then to know Jesus. He continues to live now, ruling at the Father’s side, and meeting our needs. So we can come to know Him now. He promises His followers,
“Surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age” (Matthew 28:20).
We know Him by believing and confessing the Good News that the Son of God has come, and has defeated sin and death (Romans 1,3,10).We know Him by turning away from sin, and being We know Him by turning away from sin, and being “baptized into Christ,” sharing in His death, burial and resurrection (Romans 6:3-5; Acts 2:38; 22:16). We continue to know Him by walking with Him in His light (John 8:12,31; 1 John 1:7-9; 2:5-6).
Coming to Christ is a matter of obedient faith (Romans 1:5; 16:26; Hebrews 3:14; 5:9). Therefore it is of the highest importance to know how faith obeys. The Bible says much about saving faith that is clear and yet surprising! We look forward to sharing that vital Bible study together. Please return your answers to this course, so that we may begin the next course as soon as possible.
Let’s Sum It UpJesus did what no other religious teacher has ever dared to do. He rested the truth of all He taught, and all He claimed to be, on fulfilling an amazing promise — that three days after His death He would return alive from the grave.
His disciples did not understand how this was possible. They did not expect it to happen. Jesus removed every doubt by proving in every way, to all their senses, that His destroyed body had come back to life.
He was “…declared with power to be the Son of God by His resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord” (Romans 1:4).
His resurrection proves that”He is able to save completely those who come to God through Him” (Hebrews 7:25).
Our next course will show how we “come to God through Him.” Don’t miss this coming course. It could well be the blessing for which you have so long searched.
1) Luke 24:7 – “The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, be crucified and on the third day be raised again.”
2) Acts 2:36 – “Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ.”
3) Matthew 28:18 – “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to Me.”
4) Isaiah 44:6 – “This is what the LORD says… ‘I am the first and I am the last; apart from Me there is no God.'”
5) 1 Peter 2:21 – “Christ suffered for you, leaving you an example, that you should follow in His steps.”
6) John 14:6 – Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.”
7) 1 John 5:11-12 – “And this is the testimony: God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. He who has the Son has life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have life.”
8) Matthew 28:20 – “Surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.”
LORD: Father, Son and Holy Spirit! You have not left us in any doubt. Your greatness, Your power, Your wisdom – and also Your tender love for us – have been shown in Jesus.
To Your honor we confess Jesus as the Christ, the Son of the living God! Please enable us to learn, without delay, Your will for coming to You through union with Christ…