This is my lesson in the World Bible School online…just wanted to share it with you…..
Knowing Jesus as the Life
All who ever came before Jesus were thieves and robbers…6.1 “All who ever came before Me were thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not listen to them. I am the gate; whoever enters through Me will be saved… The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full… I am the Good Shepherd; I know My sheep and My sheep know Me” (John 10:8-10, 14).
These bold words, spoken by Jesus, were like words found in Ezekiel (34:23; 37:24). Ezekiel had spoken during dark days of slavery in Babylon. Many leaders then (as now) thought only of their own gain. They used and hurt people under them. At that time God made a prophecy through Ezekiel. God promised to send His “one Shepherd” who would truly care for His people. 600 years later Jesus came claiming to be the one Shepherd. All others who claimed to be the one Shepherd were false, He said. Jesus would gather together all God’s scattered people. He promised, “There shall be one flock and one Shepherd” (John 10:16; Luke 11:52).
6.2 EACH PERSON IS SPECIAL TO GOD
The life of Jesus was all about caring for people and bringing them back to God. He especially spent time helping those who knew they were trapped by sin and shame. The Pharisees complained, “This man welcomes sinners and eats with them” (Luke 15:2).
Jesus showed how He is like a shepherd.In reply Jesus showed how He is like a shepherd. He does not want one sheep (one person) to be left in danger. Even if only one sheep is lost, He keeps searching for that one until He finds it (Luke 15:1-7). What about people who have willfully left God? Jesus told a parable showing that God is like a father. The father watches for his child who has gone away into a life of sin. When the child comes home, the father joyfully welcomes him with open arms (Luke 15:11-24).
Shortly after saying this Jesus visited a chief tax-collector, Zacchaeus. Many people hated Zacchaeus. Forgetting that they themselves were also sinful people, they grumbled, “Jesus has gone to be the guest of a ‘sinner'” (Luke 19:7). Jesus showed Zacchaeus how to change his heart and life. He said,
“Today salvation has come to this house… For the Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost” (Luke 19:9-10).
6.3 – Power to Forgive
6.4 – “I Am the Resurrection and the Life”
6.5 – “I Lay Down My Life”
6.6 – The Lord’s Supper
6.7 – Jesus on Trial
6.8 – Jesus Crucified
6.3 POWER TO FORGIVE
Jesus often stated the purpose of His mission. He told the people of Nazareth that He was fulfilling what Isaiah (61:1) had prophesied about Him:
The Spirit of the Lord is on Me, be cause He has anointed Me to preach Good News to the poor.”The Spirit of the Lord is on Me, be cause He has anointed Me to preach Good News to the poor. He has sent Me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed” (Luke 4:18).
By saying that He was “anointed,” Jesus claimed to be the Christ. (Christ means “Anointed One.”) Israel’s ancient kings were anointed when oil was poured on them. Jesus received a far richer anointing — God’s own Spirit came down upon Him at His baptism (Matthew 3:16; Acts 10:38). From that time Jesus began speaking out publicly about freedom from sin and suffering. While Jesus was visiting a Pharisee, a sinful woman came into the room. The Pharisee was upset. But Jesus made her feel welcome. He then said to her,
Your sins are forgiven…Your faith has saved you; go in peace”Your sins are forgiven . . . Your faith has saved you; go in peace” (Luke 7:48, 50).
The people there asked, “Who is this who even forgives sins?” All sin is against God. Therefore the only One who can finally clear people of their sins is God. How could Jesus claim a right belonging to God?
If God had given Jesus special power, how could people be sure of that fact? The answer is given in Luke 5. Jesus was teaching in a crowded house. A crippled man was lying outside. To get past the crowd, his friends carried him up to the roof. Through a hole in the roof they lowered the cripple to the floor in front of Jesus. Seeing their faith, Jesus said, “Friend, your sins are forgiven” (Luke 5:20).
“The Pharisees and the teachers of the law began thinking to themselves, ‘Who is this fellow who speaks blasphemy? Who can forgive sins but God alone?’ Jesus knew what they were thinking and asked, ‘Why are you thinking these things in your hearts? Which is easier: to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Get up and walk’? But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins . . .’ He said to the paralyzed man, ‘I tell you, get up, take your mat and go home.’ Immediately he stood up in front of them, took what he had been lying on and went home praising God” (Luke 5:21-25).
ERV for Luke 5:21: “The Jewish teachers of the law and the Pharisees thought to themselves, ‘Who is this man? He is saying things that are against God! Only God can forgive sins!'”
This healing miracle clearly proved that Jesus had special authority from God. Jesus could do impossible things that are seen. Therefore people should believe that Jesus also had authority to do impossible things that are unseen. If God gave Jesus power to heal the visible body instantly, then God could also give Jesus power to heal the invisible spirit instantly!
6.4 “I AM THE RESURRECTION AND THE LIFE”
Listen to Jesus’ amazing claims:
“For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life to whom He is pleased to give it” (John 5:21).
“For as the Father has life in Himself, so He has granted the Son to have life in Himself” (John 5:26).
He who believes in Me [Jesus] will live.”I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me will live, even though he dies; and whoever lives and believes in Me will never die. Do you believe this?” (John 11:25).
Jesus asked this last question (John 11:25) of a friend named Mary. Her brother Lazarus had died four days before, while Jesus was away. Knowing Jesus’ power, she could not understand why her brother had been allowed to die. This sorrow moved the spirit of Jesus deeply. “Jesus wept” (John 11:35). Then Jesus came to the cave where Lazarus was buried. He ordered people to remove the grave’s stone cover. They obeyed, though they knew that the smell would be bad.
“Jesus called in a loud voice, ‘Lazarus, come out!’ The dead man came out, his hands and feet wrapped with strips of linen, and a cloth around his face. Jesus said to them, ‘Take off the grave clothes and let him go'” (John 11:43-44).
Jesus had also raised others from death (Luke 7:11-17; 8:41-46). Many had been present and had spread the news. Now many more became followers because of the raising of Lazarus. The Jewish leaders feared they were losing their power over the people. They plotted to kill both Jesus and the evidence of His power, the living Lazarus (John 11:47-52; 12:10). If they had thought more clearly, they would have realized that if Jesus raised Lazarus once, He could raise him again. If Jesus could raise the dead, then He could keep Himself safe from any enemy!
6.5 “I LAY DOWN MY LIFE”
For thirty pieces of silver Judas, an apostle, led soldiers to Gethsemane.Yet Jesus was soon taken and killed by the Jewish and Roman leaders. For thirty pieces of silver Judas, an apostle, led soldiers to Gethsemane, the garden Jesus often visited. They arrested Jesus and took Him away to be tried and executed (Matthew 26, 27). How could this happen? The passage about the Good Shepherd gives the answer. Jesus said,
“I am the Good Shepherd. The Good Shepherd lays down his life for the sheep (John 10:11). The reason My Father loves Me is that I lay down My life — only to take it up again. No one takes it from Me, but I lay it down of My own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This command I received from My Father” (John 10:17-18).
Jesus had often foretold that He would be killed by the Jewish and Roman rulers (John 2:19; Matthew 16:21; 17:9, 23; 20:18-19). He assured His followers that His death would not be a failure. It would serve the greatest purpose of all. Listen to the things He said before His death:
“I am the Living Bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever. This bread is My flesh, which I will give for the life of the world” (John 6:51).
“The Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life as a ransom for many” (Matthew 20:28).
6.6 THE LORD’S SUPPER
Christ’s life would be given as the “ransom,” the price to bring people back to God. Just before He was arrested Jesus ate the “Passover” with His apostles. This was the special meal Jews ate once a year. They ate it to remember how God used lamb’s blood to save them from slavery and death in Egypt.
This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.”While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, ‘Take and eat; this is My body.’ Then He took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them, saying, ‘Drink from it, all of you. This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins'” (Matthew 26:26-28).
The Old Covenant (Old Agreement) had started with blood from animal sacrifices. The New Covenant between God and all who would come to Him would begin with the far better blood of God’s Son (Hebrews 9). As the prophet Jeremiah had foretold, this would be the better covenant in which all would know God. They could know Him because He would “forgive their wickedness and… remember their sins no more” (Hebrews 8:12). That forgiveness was possible because Jesus took the full punishment that we should have suffered.
“He was pierced for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities;the punishment that brought us peace was upon Him, and by His wounds we are healed. We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the LORD has laid on Him the iniquity of us all (Isaiah 53:5-6)…He poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors” (Isaiah 53:12).
ERV for Isaiah 53:5-6,12: “But He was given pain to suffer for the wrong things we did. He was crushed for our guilt. A debt we owed — our punishment — was given to Him. We were healed because of His pain. But all of us wandered away like sheep. Each of us went our own way. The Lord put all our guilt on Him…because He gave His life for the people, and He died. People said He was a criminal. But He carried away the sins of many, many people. And now He speaks for people that have sinned.”
“He Himself bore our sins in His body on the tree, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness; by His wounds you have been healed” (1 Peter 2:24).
Jesus knew how much He would suffer in His death for men’s sins. After the meal, He went to the Garden of Gethsemane. In great sorrow He prayed,
“Father, if You are willing, take this cup (of suffering) from Me; yet not My will, but Yours be done… And being in anguish, He prayed more earnestly, and His sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground” (Luke 22:42, 44).
6.7 JESUS ON TRIAL
As soon as Jesus had finished praying, the soldiers came to arrest Him.As soon as Jesus had finished praying, the soldiers came to arrest Him. For many hours Jesus was put on trial (Matthew 26,27). He was tried first by the Jewish high priest, Caiaphas. Then He was handed over to the Roman governor, Pilate. Pilate did not like the case. He tried to pass it on to the visiting king of Galilee, Herod. That cruel king made the most of this chance to hurt and mock Jesus (Luke 23). Then he returned Jesus to Pilate. After more trial Pilate said to the Jews,
“You brought me this Man as One who was inciting the people to rebellion. I have examined Him in your presence and have found no basis for your charges against Him” (Luke 23:14).
ERV: “You brought this Man to me. You said that He was making trouble among the people. But I judged Him before you all. I found no wrong that He had done. Jesus is not guilty of the things you say.”
Pilate offered a choice to the Jews. He would release one prisoner. It could either be Jesus or a well-known murderer and rebel named Barabbas (Mark 15:7). Urged by their leaders, the crowd demanded that Barabbas be freed. “What shall I do, then, with Jesus who is called Christ?” Pilate asked. They all answered, “Crucify Him!” (Matthew 27:22).
A riot nearly began when Pilate still refused. The leaders threatened to accuse Pilate of helping an enemy king (Jesus) against the Roman king, Caesar (John 19:12). So Pilate finally sentenced Jesus to die on a cross. But first Pilate washed his hands before them all, showing how he disliked killing a good man (Matthew 27:24). When the soldiers took Jesus they brutally whipped and beat Him.
They dressed Him in a royal robe, pushed a crown of thorns onto His head…They dressed Him in a royal robe, pushed a crown of thorns onto His head, spat on Him, and made fun of such a ‘king’ (Matthew 27:27-30). Then they made Jesus carry His cross toward the killing place outside Jerusalem. Along the way they found another man, Simon from the African town of Cyrene. They forced him to carry the cross the rest of the way (Mark 15:21).
6.8 JESUS CRUCIFIED
“At about nine in the morning they came to the hill called in Latin ‘Calvary’ and in Hebrew ‘Golgotha’ (‘The Place of the Skull’)” (Mark 15:22).
There they crucified Him, along with the criminals – one on His right, the other on His left.”There they crucified Him, along with the criminals – one on His right, the other on His left. Jesus said, ‘Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.’ And they divided up His clothes by casting lots. The people stood watching, and the rulers even sneered at Him. They said, ‘He saved others; let Him save Himself if He is the Christ of God, the Chosen One.’ The soldiers…said, ‘If You are the king of the Jews, save Yourself.’ There was a written notice above Him, which read: THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS” (Luke 23:33-38).
One dying thief realized how foolish it was to insult Jesus. The thief said,
“‘We are punished justly, for we are getting what our deeds deserve. But this Man has done nothing wrong… Jesus, remember me when You come into Your kingdom.’ Jesus answered him, ‘I tell you the truth, today you will be with Me in paradise'” (Luke 23:41-43).
(“Paradise” is the place where the good go in death.) By now it was noon. Suddenly deep darkness covered everything, and lasted three hours (Luke 23:44). In His agony Jesus cried out, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” (Mark 15:34). At the end Jesus said, “It is finished” (John 19:30), and “Father, into Your hands I commit My spirit!” With that He stopped breathing (Luke 23:46). Jewish leaders wanted the soldiers to finish off the killing sooner, so they were breaking the legs of those on the crosses.
When they came to Jesus they did not break His legs, for they could see that He was already dead. Yet, just to make sure, a soldier drove his spear into Jesus’ side. Blood and water gushed out of the corpse (John 19:31-34). All who were present were witnesses to the fact that Jesus was dead.
The body of Jesus was taken down from the cross. Pilate allowed two wealthy Jewish leaders, Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea, to take the body. Jesus was placed into the grave owned by Joseph (Matthew 27:60). So was fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah (53:9) that His grave would be “with the rich.”
“Taking Jesus’ body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs. At the place where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, in which no one had ever been laid. Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there” (John 19:40-42).
Let’s Sum It UpThe saddest chapter in human history was the murder of the one true Shepherd.
Enemies accused, mocked, and beat Him throughout a series of unjust trials. He died in great pain, nailed to a cross.
To the end He showed love, even to His enemies. He was buried in a borrowed tomb.
All of this was by “God’s set purpose and foreknowledge” (Acts 2:23; ERV: “God knew this would happen. This was God’s plan. God made His plan long ago”).
In God’s plan this was the real Passover, the sacrifice of God’s own Lamb. Jesus was taking the punishment for your sins and my sins. Through this death God removed the guilt and penalty of sin from us all, and placed it on Christ. Through the cross God now gives us complete forgiveness and “life to the full.”
1) Luke 4:18 – “The Spirit of the Lord is on Me, because He has anointed Me to preach Good News to the poor. He has sent Me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed.”
2) Luke 7:48,50 – “Your sins are forgiven… Your faith has saved you; go in peace.”
3) John 5:21,26 – “For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life to whom He is pleased to give it… For as the Father has life in Himself, so He has granted the Son to have life in Himself.”
4) John 11:25 – “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me will live, even though he dies; and whoever lives and believes in Me will never die. Do you believe this?”
5) John 10:11 – “I am the Good Shepherd. The Good Shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.
6) Matthew 20:28 – “The Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life as a ransom for many.”
7) Matthew 26:26-28 – “While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, ‘Take and eat; this is My body.’ Then He took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them, saying, ‘Drink from it, all of you. This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.'”
8) 1 Peter 2:24 – “He Himself bore our sins in His body on the tree, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness; by His wounds you have been healed.”
O Savior, what words can there be to tell of Your grace and kindness? Who can describe Your love in giving Your own Son as “the Lamb” to give us life?
Such sacrifice is past our understanding!
In all Your ways, You are far above us.
We give all of our heart to You in thanks for such love…